Matrix Science Medica (MSM)

EFFECT OF SEASON ON OCCURRENCE OF CAPRINE MASTITIS IN BEETAL IN FAISALABAD PREMISES

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msm.01.2017.19.21

ABSTRACT

 

Effect of Season on Occurrence of Caprine Mastitis in Beetal in Faisalabad Premises

Matrix Science Medica (MSM)
Author: Muhammad Rashid, Muhammad Ijaz Saleem, Farrah Deeba, Muhammad Sajjad Khan, Syed Ashar Mahfooz, Asif Ali butt, Malik Waseem Abbas

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/msm.01.2017.19.21

Mastitis in goats, analogous to dairy cattle, is one of the most significant diseases of economic importance, worldwide. For the proposed study 25 Beetal Faisalabadi goat farms comprising 10-20 goats in radius of 25 km was included. Sampling was done during two kidding season first in September-October and second in February-March. The epidemiological data, including goat breed, age, parity, stage of lactation, amount of milk, length of lactation period, and farming system were recorded. These selected herds were screened out by SFMT and positive milk samples were aseptically collected. Samples from infected goats were subjected to microbiological assays. On the basis of results of sampling, screening and microbiological analysis of milk samples it was revealed that mastitis is more in summer season as compared to winter season. In winter the occurrence of mastitis in beetal Faisalabadi was 21.68% and in summer it was 25.70%. Bacteriological examination of mastitic milk samples revealed that Staphylococcus species was the major etiological agent of caprine mastitis in Beetal Faisalabadi goats during both season. Statistical results of the study has showed that age, teat length, teat end, teat symmetry, distance between teat length and floor, stage of lactation and udder shape has significant effect on caprine mastitis (p<0.05). Parameters like season, udder washing, condition of floor, farm hygiene, milk practices and housing has no significant effect on mastitis (p>0.05).
Pages 19-21
Year 2017
Issue 1
Volume 1

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msm.01.2017.15.18

ABSTRACT

 

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in poultry- an emerging concern related to future epidemic

Matrix Science Medica (MSM)
Author: Zaytoon Zaheer, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Iqra Zaheer, Ghazanfar Abbas, Tayyaba Younas

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/msm.01.2017.15.18

Methicillin resistant – Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an organism responsible for causing deadly infections in man, poultry and several other animal species. Ever since the discovery of MRSA in decade of 1960’s, it has been isolated and reported in live poultry birds and their meat products worldwide. Strikingly, MRSA recovered from poultry share a common ancestry with MRSA isolates of human and animal origin. Furthermore, MRSA colonizes the skin and mucous membranes of both man and poultry. This colonizing ability of MRSA is not only a cause of non-responsive infections in poultry but it can also be transferred to the humans handling birds at farms and slaughter houses. Moreover, the consumers of poultry meat can also acquire its infection. The cases of cross infections of MRSA between poultry and human has been reported. However, the most important difficulty to control MRSA and its interspecies transmission is the irrational use of antimicrobial drugs and inadequate biosecurity measures. Therefore, rational usage of antimicrobials and good biosecurity measures need to be adopted for prevention and control of zoonotic MRSA infections. This paper reviews the existing status of MRSA in poultry as a possible threat of zoonosis.
Pages 15-18
Year 2017
Issue 1
Volume 1

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msm.01.2017.10.14

ABSTRACT

 

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from raw milk and dairy products

Matrix Science Medica (MSM)
Author: Sabeen Gohar, Ghazanfar Abbas, Sanaullah sajid, Maliha Sarfraz, Sultan Ali, Muhammad Ashraf, Rizwan Aslam, Kashaf Yaseen

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/msm.01.2017.10.14

Listeriosis is a severe foodborne disease commonly caused by eating contaminated food with the Listeria species. A large variety of foods, especially dairy foods and ready-to-eat products, can support the growth of pathogens. Outbreaks of listeriosis have been related with milk, cheese, vegetable salads, and meat products, and fatality rates are typically around 20% due to listeriosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention evaluates that 2500 infections and more than 500 deaths are related with listeriosis each year in the United States. A total 125 milk and dairy products were included in the study. Isolation and identification of this specie was done and then confirmed it by gram staining. Antimicrobial sensitivity was also checked. Prevalence of Listeria species were 16.8%, Listeria monocytogenes was 13.6%. Listeria monocytogenes was resistant against Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Penicillin and sensitive Fosfomycin, Ciprofloxacin, Gentamycin. The results of this study showed the low prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes.
Pages 10-14
Year 2017
Issue 1
Volume 1

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msm.01.2017.03.09

ABSTRACT

 

A Review: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of listeria species in milk products

Matrix Science Medica (MSM)
Author: Maliha Sarfraz, Yasmin Ashraf, Samina Ashraf

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/msm.01.2017.03.09

More than 200 known diseases are transmitted through food. The causes of foodborne illness include viruses, bacteria, parasites, toxins, metals, prions, and the symptoms of foodborne illness range from mild gastroenteritis to life-threatening neurologic, hepatic and renal syndromes. In the United States, foodborne diseases have been estimated to cause 6 million to 81 million illnesses and up to 9,000 deaths each year. Milk borne pathogens caused serious diseases in the human which may be related to the raw milk, improper pasteurization of milk and milk products. Some biological tools are developed for the measuring of the contamination by the pathogens. Such species like Listeria, Salmonella and Campylobacter species. Such factors which involved in the contamination catalogue between the area where impermanent cattle confinement, low milk production, low milking machine cleaning frequency, and milk storage area.
Pages 03-09
Year 2017
Issue 1
Volume 1

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msm.01.2017.01.02

ABSTRACT

 

Successful Treatment Of Idiopathic Generalized Subcutaneous Emphysema In Kajli A Ram By Large Bore Injection Needle

Matrix Science Medica (MSM)
Author: Ghulam Muhammad, Imaad Rashid,Sehrish Firyal and Muhammad Saqib

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

DOI: 10.26480/msm.01.2017.01.02

A case of generalized subcutaneous emphysema of an unknown etiology in a 1-year old Kajli ram is described. The ram was successfully treated by evacuation of accumulated air with the help of a 16 gauge needle inserted at 6 different sites. The affected ram recovered in 2 days.
Pages 01-02
Year 2017
Issue 1
Volume 1

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